Life Style

Everything to know about Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca!

Everyone should focus on their physical health. If one notices any symptoms that correlate with medical conditions should be taken seriously. keratoconjunctivitis sicca can cause irritation and other problems. Hence, it is significant to focus on the symptoms and consult an eye specialist in Islamabad to know about the treatments.

What is keratoconjunctivitis sicca?

 Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is generally known as dry eye Syndrome. It occurs when there is insufficient production of tears that can provide lubrication to the eye. Adults are more prone to have this condition. It can affect the surface of the eye that makes the individual uncomfortable and anxious. People diagnosed with this dry eye syndrome are more likely to have bacterial infection and inflammation that can damage the cornea of the eyes.

What symptoms point to keratoconjunctivitis sicca?

The symptoms of keratoconjunctivitis sicca are:

  • Burning sensation in the eyes
  • The person will notice stingy mucus in and around one or both eyes.
  • Extreme sensitivity to light
  • Extreme redness in eyes
  • Painful experience while using contact lenses.
  • Difficulty in driving at night due to itchiness
  • Constant feeling of having something in the eyes
  • Feeling tired
  • Watery eyes at most of the times
  • Blurred vision and difficulty on focusing on a particular object
  • Unable to use screens for a longer time due to watery eyes 
  • A sense of having sand in eyes

What are the known causes for keratoconjunctivitis sicca?

The causes of keratoconjunctivitis sicca are:

  • Less production of water, oil, and mucus is the main cause of dry eye syndrome.
  • Constant exposure to heaters in winters
  • It can be a side effect of hormone replacement therapy
  • It can be caused due to allergies.
  • Individuals that have gone through the LASIK surgery are prone to getting keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
  • The side effect of using medications such as birth control pills, antihistamines, and antidepressants.
  • Frequent use of contact lenses for a longer time.
  • Starring on screens and light for a very long time.
  • Middle-aged people are more prone to get keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
  • If someone doesn’t blink enough, it can cause dryness leading to keratoconjunctivitis sicca.

What are the ways for preventing keratoconjunctivitis sicca?

Tips that can be helpful in the prevention of keratoconjunctivitis sicca are:

  • Avoid direct exposure to heaters, fans, and hair dryers
  • Use glasses to prevent the eyes from dry air and wind
  • Be aware of the environment
  • Smoking can worsen the symptoms of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Hence, it is best to stay awake from the smoke.
  • Maintain distance from screens
  • Try to take artificial tears to keep eyes lubricated
  • Try to relax and take breaks while working for longer periods
  • Consult your eye specialist at least once a year.

Who is at risk of getting keratoconjunctivitis sicca?

The individuals that are prone to be diagnosed with keratoconjunctivitis sicca are:

  • Pregnant women
  • Women in their menopause
  • People with thyroid problems
  • Individuals with a deficiency of Vitamin A
  • Individuals with immune system disorders

What are the available treatments proven effective?

The treatments for keratoconjunctivitis sicca are:

  • Intake of anti-inflammation medication, such as cyclosporine.
  • Use of pilocarpine for stimulating enough tear production.
  • Taking drops with Carboxymethylcellulose that aid in retaining moisture.
  • Surgery might be advised in severe conditions. Draining holes in the corners will allow sustaining an adequate amount of tears for lubrication.

When should someone experiencing the symptoms consult an expert?

 If someone thinks that they are exhibiting symptoms of dry eye syndrome and are having problems related to vision should consult the best eye specialist in Lahore. The eye specialist will diagnose the condition and provide guidance to the individual regarding the treatments available.