Class 6th Maths acts as a very crucial aspect in the foundation of Maths that is taught in the years ahead. It consists of some very basic concepts and chapters but it is important to understand these topics well to have clarity regarding them when they become more intricate and complex in higher classes.
Syllabus for Class 6th Maths
The chapters in NCERT Books For Class 6 Maths are as follows –
- Introduction to whole numbers – what are natural numbers, what are whole numbers, what are non-decimal numbers, introduction to the concept of the predecessor of a number, introduction to the concept of the successor of a number, estimating the sum of numbers, estimating the difference between numbers, introduction to complex numbers, comparing and variating numbers, properties of different types of numbers and the patterns observed in them
- Introduction to numbers and their conceptualisation – finding out factors of numbers, finding out multiples of numbers, what are prime numbers, what are composite numbers, basic concepts of LCM and HCF
- Introduction to the basic concept of geometry – what is a line, what are rays intercepting from lines, what are segments of lines, how to find points on a line, answering some basic questions – how many points are there on a line to which the answer is infinite, what are parallel lines, what are curves and its various types,
- Introduction to shapes around us – A brief introduction to basic shapes found in everyday life like circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, studying the various degrees of angles found in these shapes, preparing for geometry given in higher classes with a more advanced syllabus
- Integers – Visualising the number line and how the various points are distributed on the number line, representation of points on the number line, a way to conceptualise which number is lesser and which number is greater, adding integers, ascending and descending order of integers
- Fractions – What are fractions, how are fractions ultimately parts of whole numbers, relative calculation of fractions with respect to whole numbers, type of fractions and their applications, adding fractions, subtracting fractions and many more operations
- Decimals – What is a decimal, how does its position change the whole meaning of a number, how are decimals related to fractions, how to represent fractions as decimal numbers, conversions like changing centimetre to meters and many more
- Data handling – Representing data in the graphical and pictorial methods, grouping data, finding out values of equations using data given in the pictorial form
- Mensuration – Understanding what is area, what is the perimeter, finding out the area of simple figures, finding out the perimeter of simple figures, simple questions pertaining to these questions
- Introduction to ratios and proportion – Taking the previously taught knowledge of fractions to study ratios and proportions, understanding how they are also related to whole numbers in parts, analysing the role and relevance of ratios and proportions in everyday life, understanding unitary method and using it to solve simple real questions taken from real-life scenarios for easier interpretation
- Algebra – Introduction to the concept of algebra and its endless applications, finding the relationship between different variables with the information already given, finding missing values in an equation by connecting already given hints, different types of equations in algebra and techniques used to find their solutions
- Symmetry – Understanding the relevance of geometrical shapes and figures, using this knowledge to conceptualise symmetry of objects and shapes, drawing the symmetry of application of symmetry, answering whether given object sketches are symmetric or not. Visualising reflection
- Studying geometry practically – What is geometric equipment like compass and protractor, how to use this equipment to sketch out figures and shapes, draw figures based on some pre-defined constraints and specifications, drawing circles having common radii etc, constructing basic angles and segments
How to study for a good score?
- Understanding the syllabus is very important. This will help in understanding the importance of each topic of each chapter and give a better knowledge of what to study first and what to study later. Knowing the syllabus in complete detail is essential to be able to predict the exam pattern and also the type of questions to expect.
- Knowing the weightage given to each chapter – This will help in knowing where to invest more time and what to practice more. The weightage as given by CBSE makes sure to give a sense of uniformity to all students so that the exam pattern remains relatively the same.
- Study from NCERT – At the class 6 level, it is not required to start studying from refreshers and extra books, NCERT should be enough. Make sure to study the entirety of the NCERT well so that no topic is left untouched. Questions are usually given based on the questions given in NCERT books.
- Manage your time well – At the basic class 6 level, plan your study time and playtime with balance. There is no need to study for excessive hours but at the same time, daily practice is the key. Study at your own pace and take your time understanding concepts.
- Practice previous years’ question papers to analyse the exam pattern well and grasp the need of the subject. Sometimes the same questions are also given.
- Make a realistic study schedule.
- Make a separate copy of the formulas involved to learn them quicker.
- Revise each topic at least three to four times before the exam.
- Do written practice of theorems, graphs and constructions as these are scoring areas of the syllabus.
- Search up important topics and questions and pay close attention to them.
- Draw the figures neatly for increased visibility when the teacher checks your answer sheet.
- Take ample and sufficient breaks in between your study sessions to evade overexertion of your mental capacity.
- Solve examples before you start solving questions.
- Never miss out on any steps of the exam.
- Don’t leave any doubts answered till the last minute. This will only cause confusion.
There is no need to take any sort of stress in class 6th. Everything is simple if you just devote a few hours to practice daily. Take breaks whenever required and just stay confident in yourself.