So, why is the public so poorly informed on topics relating to energy, its production, and its usage?
There is the massive bias against nuclear power [the safest sustainable economic power source besides renewable - which I will get to later] the complete and utter ignorance of 'bio' fuels, and no understanding of how massively interdependent the supply, use, and transportation of power is.
My main complaint is that people are so fucking ignorant when it comes to nuclear power, but I'll briefly talk about some of the other stuff to give a background/refresher or starting point for the wikipedia searching.
Nuclear power, even with all the unsafe reactors designs running all over the world, has resulted in the least related deaths of any economically feasible power source. No, renewable energy is not in fact economically feasible for the simple fact it is time dependent in nearly all cases, and far too reliant on random factors which can be easily unbalanced. Solar power and various forms of tapping the immense energies available in space are the exceptions, but are obviously not being implemented. [FUCK YOU USELESS AMERICAN GOVERNMENT SPACE PROGRAM PLAN :<]
There is enough uranium 235 - the element mainly used in today's [shitty] reactors for... quote time
Uranium is a constituent of most rocks, dirt, and of the oceans. The world's present measured resources of uranium, economically recoverable at a price of 130 USD/kg, are enough to last for some 70 years at current consumption. This represents a higher level of assured resources than is normal for most minerals. On the basis of analogies with other metallic minerals, a doubling of price from present levels could be expected to create about a tenfold increase in measured resources, over time.The fuel's contribution to the overall cost of the electricity produced is relatively small, so even a large fuel price escalation will have relatively little effect on final price. For instance, typically a doubling of the uranium market price would increase the fuel cost for a light water reactor by 26% and the electricity cost about 7%, whereas doubling the price of natural gas would typically add 70% to the price of electricity from that source. At high enough prices, eventually extraction from sources such as granite and seawater become economically feasible.Or one could switch to thorium, which would extend the total practical resource base of fissionable materials to 450%.As opposed to current light water reactors which use uranium-235 (0.7% of all natural uranium), fast breeder reactors use uranium-238 (99.3% of all natural uranium). It has been estimated that there is up to five billion years’ worth of uranium-238 for use in these power plants, at present levels of usage.
Nuclear radiation has also been shown to be less deadly than previously though - or, at least, to have killed far fewer people. At least, that is to say, there is now official documentation indicating it as such.
Biofuels are incredibly poorly understood by Americans today - for example - it would require more energy to produce and transport corn based ethanol than you would get from the fuel, but growing some varieties of grass would get you ten to twenty fold more power than what you put in. Ethanol works for those countries that are dependent on it because they have specifically focused all of their efforts on making it efficient and economically competitive through subsidies, easy transportation over tiny, comparatively, total area, and the balls to pick one thing and go with it.
Renewable resources are basically different methods of tapping solar energy - which is what drives the deep ocean currents and the jet streams, which give us weather as we know it. But building wind turbines and solar panels everywhere is not the best of ideas - a little climate change and all of your infrastructure is useless. Tidal energy is a much more viable alternative, but is unfortunately not being much investigated. [even though, again, 70% of the Earth's surface is water, which you could float massive wind farms upon or anchor deep ocean turbines, etc. over the massive, UNUSED, area]
However, again, you could get far more energy from simply sticking a giant plate of photoelectric converters, stick on a microwave laser to send the energy back to Earth, and toss it towards the sun such that it will get close enough to catch the maximum amount of direct sunlight without getting too far away such that the laser defocuses such that no energy is received.
And so on and so forth.